REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC
OF THE PHILIPPINES
ORDINANCE NO. 9
CREATING A BOARD OF REVIEW FOR MOVING PICTURES, PLAYS, DRAMAS, OPERAS, VAUDEVILLES, AND OTHER STAGE PERFORMANCES, DEFINING ITS FUNCTIONS, AND PUNISHING CERTAIN ACTS IN CONNECTION THEREWITH.
There being an urgent need to maintain and increase the present safeguards over the morals of the people and to secure to the public clean and wholesome stage and screen entertainment by insuring that only such films, plays, dramas, operas, vaudevilles and similar stage performances as may tend to promote the establishment of a firm and lasting foundation for the national life of the Filipino people shall be exhibited or shown to the public, and pursuant to the authority conferred upon me by Article III, section 14, of the Constitution, I, Jose P. Laurel, President of the Republic of the Philippines, do hereby promulgate this Ordinance:
SECTION 1. There is hereby created a Board of Review which shall consist of nine members appointed by the President of the Republic of the Philippines, from among officers of the government or private citizens, who shall not receive any salary or compensation for the services rendered by them under this Ordinance and who shall organize by electing a Chairman and a Secretary from among themselves.
SEC. 2. The Board appointed in accordance with the preceding section shall be under the executive supervision of the Ministry of Home Affairs and its duties shall be as follows:
(a) To examine, or supervise the examination of, all films, spoken or silent, imported or produced in the Philippines, plays, dramas, operas, vaudevilles, and other similar stage performances, except those managed or conducted by public schools and colleges and institutions of learning recognized by the government; and to prohibit the exhibition in this country of films, plays, dramas, operas, vaudeville shows, and other similar stage performances which in its judgment run counter to the policies and objectives of the government, or do not promote nor conduce to the spiritual and moral well-being of the people, or are inimical or contrary to law and good customs or injurious to the public interest or to the prestige of the government and its people. In the performance of its functions, the Board may require any person or entity engaged in the business of presenting stage plays, dramas, operas, vaudevilles and other similar stage performances submit in advance the script of any such play, drama, opera, vaudeville or any other similar stage performance for examination and approval; and
(b) Subject to the approval of the Minister of Home Affairs, to promulgate its own rules of procedure and operation in general, including matters of quorum, organization of subcommittees and appointment of such representatives or agents as may be necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this Ordinance and to keep a permanent record of all its proceedings in connection with the discharge of its duties.
The decisions of the Board shall take effect immediately, unless an appeal shall be taken to the Minister of Home Affairs.
SEC 3. It shall be unlawful for any person or entity to exhibit or cause to be exhibited in any theater or public place within the Philippines any film not duly passed by the Board of Review, or stage or cause to be staged any play, drama, opera, vaudeville or any other similar stage performances not duly approved by said Board: Provided, That if the violation is committed by a corporation or association, incorporated or unincorporated, the manager or administrator of the business shall be criminally responsible therefor, without prejudice to the corporation or association being also subject to the pecuniary penalties corresponding to the offense.
SEC. 4. The violation of the provisions of section 3 of this Ordinance shall be punished by a fine of not more than one thousand pesos or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or both, in the discretion of the court.
SEC. 5. All provisions of law inconsistent with this Ordinance are hereby repealed.
SEC. 6. This Ordinance shall take effect upon its promulgation.
Done in the City of Manila, Philippines, this 15th day of March, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and forty-four, and of the Republic of the Philippines, the first.
(Sgd.) JOSE P. LAUREL
President of the Republic of the Philippines
By the President:
(Sgd.) PEDRO SABIDO