Instruction No. 1

Re: CONTROL OF TRANSPORTATION FARES

February 20, 1942

Hon. JORGE B. VARGAS
Chairman of the Executive Commission
Manila
Sir:

This is to advise you that I have instructed the Commissioner of Public Works and Communications regarding the suppression of rise in transportation fares, copy of which is herewith attached for your information.

Respectfully,

DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE JAPANESE
MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

February 14, 1942

To the COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC WORKS
AND COMMUNICATIONS

Executive Commission of the Philippine Islands

INSTRUCTION NO. 1

CONTROL OF TRANSPORTATION FARES

In order to control fares of various means of transportation, caused by the limitation of automobile transportation, and also as a means to relieve the congestion in passenger traffic, it is instructed that you will make the following arrangements:

As to the supervision provided for in section 5 herein stated, when you find the cooperation of our Military Police necessary for the enforcement of same, we request that you will advise us at such times.

1. The freight and passenger fares of any vehicle shall be, for the time being, and in principle, on prewar level. Provided, however, you may continue to enforce the tariff rate published by the Philippine Administration or any municipal government if it has been promulgated after the beginning of the war.

2. The tariff of fares, which shall be set up according to the preceding section and in compliance with the following rules, shall be presented to the Transportation Department of the Military Administration Office.

(a) Tramways:

To maintain the prewar level.

(b) Carromata, calesa and carretela:

Standard fares by distance or by the length of time are to be fixed on the prewar basis. Gratuity is to be prohibited.

(c) Auto bus (including auto calesa, carretela bus, and such like:

To maintain the prewar level, however, the increase of the minimum fare, the shortening of traveling distance for the minimum fare or the abolition of the minimum fare shall be considered as a means of suppressing the short-distance passengers.

(d) Others [including automobiles of various kinds and all other vehicles not included in the paragraphs (a) to (c).

Standard tariff to be fixed on the basis of the preceding paragraphs.

3. If it is found out that it is difficult to keep up such transportation business smoothly and efficiently with the fares provided for in the above sections, due to the rise in the price of fuel, grease and parts, necessary for running and maintenance of such vehicles, or in the price of other necessary equipment therefor, or of the expenses for the maintenance and repairs, you shall prepare a draft of revised tariff and present same to the Transportation Department for approval.

4. Reorganizations or amalgamations of corporations and firms shall be considered for the rationalization and efficient working of all the means of transportation, and for the strict enforcement of the regulated freight and fare rates. When such plans are made, their outlines shall be previously notified to the Transportation Department for approval.

5. The freight and fare rates fixed under section 2, and other matters relating thereto, shall, by means of administrative notifications or any other effective and proper means, be made thoroughly known to the public and the parties directly concerned, and the violation of the regulations shall be prevented through self-restraint of the public. At the same time, all necessary measures of supervision f shall be taken for the strict enforcement of the regulations, and any person who violates the regulations shall be punished. It is further necessary to supervise those chauffeurs and others who, without proper reasons, refuse requirement of would-be passengers or of those who desire to utilize vehicles.

6. Rules laid out in the present instruction shall, for the time being, be enforced in the City of Greater Manila and its surroundings, and shall be gradually extended to other districts.

DIRECTOR-GENERAL OF THE JAPANESE
MILITARY ADMINISTRATION

Source: Office of the Solicitor General Library