REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 10
PRESCRIBING CERTAIN EDUCATIONAL REFORMS
By virtue of the powers vested in me by law and upon recommendation of the National Education Board created under Executive Order No. 5, dated October 23, 1943, I, JOSE P. LAUREL, President of the Republic of the Philippines, do hereby order that –
A. QUALIFICATION OF TEACHERS
1. All teachers in elementary and secondary schools, whether public or private, must first obtain a license after proper examinations. The good moral character of every applicant for a teacher’s license must be vouched for by two Filipino citizens of established national reputation not related to the applicant. No license shall be issued, unless the teacher has satisfactorily proved that he or she sincerely believes in and earnestly endeavors to help carry out the declared policies of the State,
2. A code of professional ethics for teachers shall be promulgated by the Minister of Education, Health, and Public Welfare. Violation of the code will, after due hearing, cause the suspension or cancellation of the teacher’s license. This code shall also govern the conduct of school, college, and university administrators.
3. Every teacher of religion in the public and private schools, colleges, and universities shall at all times abide by the declared policies of the State.
4. Effective at the beginning of the school year 1944-1945, only Filipino citizens may teach the national language, character education, and Philippine history in public and private schools, colleges and universities.
B. TEACHING OF THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE
5. Effective immediately the national language shall be taught in all public and private high schools, colleges, and universities.
6. Effective at the beginning of the school year 1944-1945, the national language shall be taught in all elementary schools, public and private, and the training of national language teachers on a large scale shall commence immediately.
7. All efforts shall be exerted to accelerate the diffusion the national language so that it may became the principal medium on instruction throughout the school and college courses as soon as practicable.
C. ADMINISTRATION OF PRIVATE SCHOOLS
8. The head of every school, college, or university must first obtain a teacher’s license, but the examinations for that purpose may be dispensed with, in the discretion of the Minister of Education, Health, and Public Welfare.
9. The rates of tuition and other fees that shall be charged by a school, college, or university as well as the salaries of teachers, instructors, and professors shall be fixed with the approval of the minister of Education, Health, and Public Welfare and he or his duly authorized representative may at any time examine or investigate the financial condition of a school, college, or university.
10. Effective at the beginning of the school year 1944-1945, a majority of the governing board of every school, college or university shall be Filipino citizens.
Done at the City of Manila, this 30th day of November, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and forty-three, and of the Republic of the Philippines, the first.
(SGD.) JOSE P. LAUREL
President of the Republic of the Philippines
By the President:
(SGD.) JOSE G. SANVICTORES
Acting Executive Secretary