REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 54
PRESCRIBING SEMESTRAL INSTEAD OF QUARTERLY CALENDARS FOR ALL
SCHOOLS AND FIXING THE DATE OF THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE SCHOOL
WHEREAS, the schools are presently run on a four term bases, providing for one week vacation between terms for students but no vacation for teachers;
WHEREAS, the quarterly calendar was apparently intended as an emergency measure because the students who were in attendance during the school year 1941-1942 and who were graduated or promoted into, the next higher grade missed about three months or the year’s work when the school were closed upon the outbreak of the war;
WHEREAS, in most schools the first term was used for make-up work, leaving the other three terms for the completion of the work for the regular school year;
WHEREAS, the quarterly system has been found to work mental and physical hardship on both teachers and students;
WHEREAS, this system does not give the teachers sufficient leeway for reflection for cultural growth; and
WHEREAS, this system also affects adversely the home life of the public and widens the gap between the school and society;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, JOSE P. LAUREL, President of the Republic of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers in me vested by law, and upon recommendation of the National Education Board, do hereby order that:
SECTION 1. Henceforth, the school year calendar shall be composed of two semesters of at least one hundred and five school days per semester, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays.
SEC. 2. The semesters shall be separated by vacations of equal length, that is, one month vacation more or less between the end of the first semester and the beginning of the second semester, as well as between the end of the second semester and the beginning of the next school year.
SEC. 3. The school vacations shall be real rest periods from school work not only for the students but also for the teachers, with the teachers entitled to salary during vacations irrespective of whether they have temporary or permanent appointments.
SEC. 4. The vacation periods are to be made to coincide with the rainy months so as to obviate as much as possible during heavy rainfall on the one hand, and on the other hand to enable the students to help on the farm, particularly during the rice planting season, or when a vacation period occurs during a dry month, to enable them to help during the rice harvesting season.
SEC. 5. For the school year 1944-1945, the first semester shall commence on July 24 and end on December 21, 1944; and the second semester shall begin on January 22 and terminate on June 19, 1945.
Done in the City of Manila, this 13th day of May, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and forty-four, and of the Republic of the Philippines, the first.
(SGD.) JOSE P. LAUREL
President of the Republic of the Philippines
By the President:
(SGD.) PEDRO SABIDO