REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 73
REGULATIONS GOVERNING APPOINTMENT, SENIORITY, PROMOTION
AND REMOVAL OF OFFICERS OF THE PHILIPPINE CONSTABULARY.
By virtue of the powers vested in me by law, I, JOSE P. LAUREL, President of the Republic of do hereby prescribe the following regulations governing appointment, seniority, promotion and removal of officers of the Philippine Constabulary:
1. All commissioned officers of the Philippine Constabulary shall be appointed by the President. Original appointments shall be made in the grade of Second lieutenant from among applicants who at the time of appointment shall be not less than twenty-one nor more than age. Priority in filling vacancies in the grade of second lieutenant shall be given; first, to graduates of Constabulary Academy; second, to officers with at least one year of service in the former Philippine Constabulary or the Army of the Philippines; third, to graduates of an authorized school or institution conducted for the purpose under the former Philippine Constabulary or the former Philippine Army; fourth, to graduates of an accredited university, college or academy in the Philippines having authorized military training as a feature of its curriculum and whose educational standards and requirements are equal to those in a high school; and fifth, to others.
2. The provisions of Section 1 to the contrary notwithstanding, Executive Order No. 23, dated December 29, 1943, shall be effective with respect to appointments made up to and including December 31, 1944
3. The number of officers to be maintained in each grade shall be regulated by the President in conformity with the exigencies of the service.
4. The grade of third lieutenant is hereby abolished and all officers of that grade are hereby promoted to the grade of second lieutenant.
5. The names of all officers of the Philippine Constabulary are arranged on a seniority list heretofore approved by the President.
6. This seniority list establishes permanently the relative seniority of such officers except that any officer of the Philippine Constabulary may suffer loss of seniority at any time as the result of an approved sentence of a court or board or by way of disciplinary punishment imposed by the President, Original appointments made by the President, and promotions effected by selection in accordance with the proviso contained in paragraph 9 shall fix definitely in each case the position of’ the officer on the seniority list,
7. The Chief of Constabulary shall cause all changes occasioned by separations, appointments, loss of rank; and all other changes due to the operation of law or regulation to be entered on the approved seniority list, and, as, corrected, this list shall be published to the Philippine Constabulary at least once every six months.
8, All officers of the Philippine Constabulary shall be subject to a system of efficiency tests, reports and ratings as shall be prescribed by the Chief of Constabulary and the names of all officers who are considered eligible for promotion shall be included in a promotion eligibility list which shall also constitute the seniority list.
9. Promotions shall be made by seniority except that no officer shall be promoted whose name is not then borne on the promotion eligibility list: Provided, however, That as reward for acts of conspicuous Source, gallantry in action or for exceptional heroism beyond the call of duty or in the face of an armed enemy, or whenever the exigencies: of the service so require, the President may promote any officer to any rank.
10. Whenever the name of ah officer is not included in the promotion eligibility list, the officer affected should be immediately notified giving the reasons therefor to give him a chance, upon request, to be heard by the board of officers which shall determine his suitability for retention in the service. If the board finds the officer’s services and qualifications unsatisfactory it shall so report to the Chief of Constabulary who will forward the report to the President with his recommendation.
11. For inefficiency, misconduct, or disloyalty to the Republic of the Philippines, the Chief of Constabulary may suspend and, after due hearing, with the prior approval of the President, remove any member of the Constabulary appointed by him or under his authority, or reduce him in rank, as the case may require.
12. For neglect of duty, violation of regulations, or any minor offense against good order and discipline for which no specific penalty is provided, the Chief may suspend in the interest of the public service, and with the prior approval of the President, reduce the salary or compensation of any member of the Constabulary, deduct from his pay a sum not exceeding one month pay, or as a punishment suspend him without pay for a period not exceeding two months.
13. When a member of the Constabulary has been convicted and sentenced by a court of competent jurisdiction, other than a Constabulary Summary Court, the Chief may, with the prior approval of the President, order his discharge and the forfeiture of oil pay and allowances due or to become due.
V. REPEALING CLAUSE
14. All previous executive orders, administrative orders and regulations inconsistent with bhis Executive Order are hereby repealed.
Done in the City of Manila, this 18th day of July, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and forty-four, and of the Republic of the Philippines, the first.
(SGD.) JOSE P. LAUREL
President of the Republic of the Philippines
By the President:
(SGD.) PEDRO SABIDO