OFFICE OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE
EXECUTIVE COMMISSION
MALACAÑAN PALACE

BY THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMISSION

EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 31

CREATING THE PHILIPPINE RED CROSS

Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No. 1 of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces, and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission, there is hereby created a public corporation to be known as the Philippine Red Cross.

1. The corporation shall be composed of not more than fifteen persons who shall act as members of the Board of Directors in charge of the management of the corporation and shall be appointed every three years by the Chairman of the Executive Commission, who shall also designate from among said members a Chairman, a Vice-Chairman, a Treasurer, and a Secretary of the Corporation. The Philippine Red Cross shall enjoy the general powers mentioned in the Corporation Law, shall be subject to the provisions thereof insofar as the same are compatible with the provisions of this Order, and, for attaining the purposes of the same, may perform any act which a corporation, copartnership, or natural person is authorized to perform under the laws existing or which may hereafter be enacted. The corporation shall have the right to have and to use as an emblem or device, a Greek red cross on a white ground, with the legend “Philippine Red Cross.” The Philippine Red Cross shall have its main office in the City of Manila and shall perform its functions under the supervision and guidance of the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces.

2. The duties of the Philippine Red Cross shall be as follows:

(a) To investigate the damages caused to the people by storms, inundations, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, fires, epidemics, and other events of similar effects; promote adequate measures for preventing or lessening the ravages caused; propose to the competent authorities such measures at it may deem advisable in each case, and, upon their adoption, cooperate in the execution thereof;

(b) To carry on a system of relief in time of peace and apply the same in mitigating the sufferings caused by pestilence, famine, fire, floods, and other great calamities, and to devise and carry on measures for preventing the same;

(c) To establish and organize rapid and adequate measures for relieving sufferers and rendering volunteer aid and assistance to them with the means at its disposal;

(d) To collect funds and receive donations or voluntary contributions for its maintenance and the realization of its purposes;

(e) To supervise, inspect and, when deemed advisable, to take direct charge of all work for the relief of persons injured in public calamities; and

(f) In cases of disturbances of the public order, riots, uprising, strikes accompanied by bloodshed, or war, and when the Chairman of the Executive Commission so authorizes, to furnish volunteer aid to the sick, wounded and disabled in the form and manner in such cases prescribed, with such means as it may have at its disposal.

3. The Philippine Red Cross shall establish branches or agencies in the provinces, chartered cities, and municipalities with a view to carrying out within their respective jurisdiction the purposes for which the Philippine Red Cross is created, in accordance with such regulations as it may prescribe.

4. The Philippine Red Cross shall, on or before the thirty-first day of March of each year, make and transmit to the Chairman of the Executive Commission a report of its proceedings for the preceding year, including a complete and itemized report of its receipts and expenditures, duly certified and approved by the Auditor General and Director of the Budget.

5. All officers and employees of the Central Administrative Organization, provincial, city, and municipal governments, particularly the Bureau of Health, the Bureau of Public Welfare and the Bureau of Constabulary, as well as those institutions receiving financial aid from the Central Administrative Organization, are hereby enjoined to cooperate with the Philippine Red Cross in the performance of its duties and functions, and with the approval of the corresponding Head .of Department shall, when necessary, render such service as the Philippine Red Cross may assign to them.

6. Any person who shall solicit, collect, or receive money, material or property of any kind, falsely representing or pretending himself to be a member, agent or representative of the Philippine Red Cross, or to wear or display the name, emblem or device of said Red Cross, or any imitation thereof, for any fraudulent purpose shall be punished by a fine of not more than two hundred pesos or by imprisonment for not more than six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

7. Proclamation No. 355, dated January 9, 1931, reserving a certain parcel of public land in the City of Manila for headquarters building site purposes of the Philippines Chapter of the American National Red Cross, is hereby revoked and the land therein described is hereby reserved for the use of the Philippine Red Cross herein created.

Done in the City of Greater Manila, Philippines this 15th day of April, 1942.

(Sgd.) JORGE B. VARGAS
Chairman of the Executive Commission

Approved by the Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines on April 24, 1942.

Source: Office of the Solicitor General Library