We are pleased to announce that the Presidential Museum and Library is now accepting reservations for the fifth installment of the Presidential Lecture Series, which will be held on December 15, 2014 at 2 in the afternoon at the Old Main Office, Kalayaan Hall, Malacañan Palace.  Please e-mail your reservations at, or call us at 784-4286 loc. 4649 from November 25, 2014 to December 8, 2014. 

Even after attaining independence in 1946, the Philippines remained characterized as a mere image of the United States; as well as a country with split personality—Western and peculiarly American to its Asian neighbors, and unrecognizably Asian to its Western friends. The policy of respectable independence formulated and implemented by President Carlos P. Garcia from 1957-1961 sought to remove this grievous misimpression. This policy involved a process of reconstruction of old ties and the construction of new ones, of tearing down deep-rooted prejudices which had hardened with time, of developing new values without destroying old ones, of correcting inequalities without antagonism, and of bringing about a rapid internal growth in harmony and in the spirit of goodwill with the rest of the world.

President Garcia implemented the policy of respectable independence in four areas, as follows: (1) Philippine-American relations –issues on the Philippine-American military alliance, the Philippine financial claims against the United States, and the Philippines’ request for greater economic assistance; (2) Philippine-Asian relations – the establishment of the Association of Southeast Asia, and the forging of closer relationship between the Philippines and its Asian neighbors; (3) participation of the Philippines in the United Nations, by focusing on Philippine policy statements, the Philippines’ voting record, and the Sumulong-Khrushchev encounter; and (4) the implementation of the Filipino First Policy and its effects in Philippine foreign relations. 

About the lecturer:

SEVERO C. MADRONA JR. straddles the worlds of academia, legal profession, and government. He currently serves as City Legal Officer of the City Government of Pasay and as Assistant Professorial Lecturer at the De La Salle University Manila. He obtained his Ph.D. in History from the University of the Philippines – Diliman. A member of the Philippine Bar, he is a Master of Laws (LLM) candidate at the San Beda Graduate School of Law. He specializes in Philippine diplomatic history, ASEAN politics and government, and Philippine legal history.