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Renowned historian Dr. Benito Legarda Jr. addresses common misconceptions about the Battle of Manila. Part of the commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Manila.)


Contrast and Similarities: December 1941 and January 1945

The wheel of history had come full circle when MacArthur landed in Lingayen, leading up to the Battle of Manila. In some respects, it was a complete mirror image to the Japanese invasion of the city in 1941.

The Most Vicious Crime in the Philippine History

No other single event in our history even remotely approximates the Battle of Manila in terms of the extent of physical destruction, the number of casualties, the manner of dealing death, and the loss of cultural heritage.

Destruction of Intramuros

Who holds responsibility for Manila’s destruction? The general answer is quite clear: responsibility rests with those who chose to turn a civilian city into a battleground.

A Street Named Liberation

Untold stories deserve to be recorded and told, to fill the gap in the modern generation’s knowledge of the battle for Manila’s liberation.

Manila Holocaust: Massacre and Rape

The plight of the affected civilians in the Battle of Manila is the main manifestation of the ordeal brought to the city by the Imperial Japanese armed forces.

Responsibility for Manila’s Destruction

When one asks who destroyed Manila and killed its inhabitants, it is easy to say that both contending forces had a part. But there can be no moral equivalence between the U.S. troops and the Imperial Japanese forces.

Aggressors as Victims

With the anniversary of the end of World War II, eminent historian Benito Legarda views the atomic bombs in retrospect and how Manila, destroyed by war, reacted.