Dr. Jose P. Laurel as President of the Second Philippine Republic,

by Dr. Ricardo T. Jose

“The Second Philippine Republic was born under great duress—during the Japanese occupation—and faced virtually insurmountable obstacles. Despite the odds, Dr. Jose P. Laurel as President of this republic, did all he could and more to meet the problems of the time and to try to transcend them.”

The following essay was written by Dr. Ricardo T. Jose and was published as the afterword in His Excellency Jose P. Laurel, President of the Second Philippine Republic: Speeches, Messages and Statements.

This was made available online with the permission of the author.

The KALIBAPI (Association for Service to the New Philippines) during the Japanese Occupation

by Dr. Ricardo T. Jose, December 27, 2001

“During the Pacific War, the Japanese government and military attempted to transplant certain Japanese methods and organizations to the occupied countries as part of their administrative policies. Among these were the teaching of Nihongo, the establishment of district and neighborhood associations, censorship of the media an reorientation of education towards Asian and Japanese themes. In the Philippines, as well as in Burma, the Japanese abolished all political parties. In their stead, they created a service association, known as the Association for Service to the New Philippines. Its official name, in the Philippine national language, was Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas, or KALIBAPI in short. The KALIBAPI was modeled after the Taisei Yokusankai (Imperial Rule Assistance Association) in Japan, and other organizations in occupied Machuria and China, and was meant to serve the same ends as its counterparts abroad, namely mass mobilization and support for Japan. This paper seeks to examine the KALIBAPI and whether or not it achived