Elections of 2016

The Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office (PCDSPO) has published the Philippine Electoral Almanac, a handy resource on Philippine national elections from 1935 onwards.

Elections of 2004

Facing recurrent challenges to her legitimacy as President, the elections of 2004 was the chance Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo had to win the presidency in her own right. Despite a public statement that she would not seek re-election, she assembled a formidable coalition—K-4—led by her adoptive party Lakas-CMD and parties that were in opposition to the Estrada continue reading : Elections of 2004

Elections of 1998

Attempts of President Ramos to amend the Constitution and establish a unicameral, parliamentary system of government was met with stiff, multisectoral opposition. His charter change initiatives appeared to heavily favor his chosen successor—Speaker Jose de Venecia Jr., an expert coalition-builder in the House of Representatives. Failing to amend the charter, the second presidential elections under continue reading : Elections of 1998

Elections of 1992

For the first time, the Philippines had a presidential election under the multiparty system, as opposed to the two-party system which had been in place since 1935. Seven candidates contested the first presidential election following the restoration of democracy in 1986. President Corazon C. Aquino had chosen Defense Secretary Fidel V. Ramos of the newly continue reading : Elections of 1992

Elections of 1986

Bucking to international pressure to legitimize his decades-long rule, a visibly ailing President Marcos called for a snap Presidential election in February 1986, ahead of its original schedule in 1987. President Marcos mobilized the KBL, with its diminished majority in the Batasan, and picked former Senator and now Assemblyman for Metro Manila Arturo Tolentino to continue reading : Elections of 1986

Elections of 1981

Six months prior to the elections, Marcos had officially lifted Martial Law, but since all decrees issued during that time were still in force, it served only a symbolic purpose. Amendments to the Constitution approved through a national referendum in April 1981 allowed for a president to be elected at-large, with a six-year term and continue reading : Elections of 1981

Elections of 1965

The Macapagal administration had been wracked with defections in the run-up to the 1965 polls—the most prominent being Senate President Marcos, who had bolted the LP to join the NP. Vice President Pelaez, despite having been earlier booted out of the NP, had also quit the ruling LP and returned to the NP. Both Marcos continue reading : Elections of 1965