Sergio Osmeña
(succeeded) August 1, 1944-May 28, 1946

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From 1941-1945, the national flag was flown upside-down to symbolize wartime.

1941 – 1945
1945 – 1985

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Biography
Cabinet
Issuances
Country Data
Laws
Election Results
SONAs

Era Fourth President of the Philippines
Second President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
Constitution Amended 1935 Constitution
Predecessor Manuel L. Quezon
Successor Manuel Roxas
Inauguration August 1, 1944, Washington, D.C. (aged 67)
Capital Manila
Vice-President None
Chief Justice Manuel V. Moran (July 9, 1945-March 20, 1951)
Senate President Manuel Roxas (July 9, 1945-May 25, 1946)
Speaker of the House Jose C. Zulueta (June 9-December 20, 1945)

Previous Positions

Executive Provincial: Governor of Cebu (1905-1907)
Bureaucracy: Fiscal of Cebu
Cabinet: Secretary of Public Instruction (November 13, 1935-October 25, 1939)
Cabinet: Secretary of Public Instruction, Health, and Public Welfare (December 24, 1941-August 1, 1944)
National: Vice-President of the Philippines (November 15, 1935-August 1, 1944)
Legislative Local: Municipal Councilor
Lower House: Speaker of the Philippine Assembly (1907-1916)
Lower House: Speaker of the House of Representatives (1916-1922)
Upper House: Senate President Pro-Tempore (1922-1933)
Upper House: Senator for the 10th Senatorial District (1922-1935)
Judicial None
Others Member, Council of State (Roxas, Quirino, Magsaysay, and Garcia administrations)
Member, National Security Council (Garcia administration)

Personal Details

Born September 9, 1878
CebuCity
Died October 19, 1961
Veterans Memorial Hospital, Quezon City
Resting Place Manila North Cemetery, Manila
Political Parties Partido Nacionalista (1907-1921)
Partido Nacionalista-Unipersonalista (1922)
Partido Nacionalista Consolidado (1923-1933)
Partido Nacionalista (“Pro”) (1934)
Nacionalista Coalition (Coalition Party) (1935-1937)
Partido Nacionalista (1937-1945)
Nacionalista Party (1945-1961)
Parents Juana Suico Osmeña
Spouse Estefania Chiong Veloso (died 1918)
Esperanza Limjap (died 1978)
Children (by Estefania Chiong Veloso)
Vicente Osmeña
Nicasio Osmeña
Milagros Osmeña
Emilio Osmeña
Maria Paloma Osmeña
Teodoro Osmeña
Jose Osmeña
Sergio Osmeña Jr.
(by Esperanza Limjap)
Ramon Osmeña
Rosalinda Osmeña
Victor Osmeña
Alma Mater Elementary, University of San Carlos, 1892
Bachelor of Arts, Colegio de San Juan de Letran, 1894
Bachelor of Laws, University of Santo Tomas, 1903
Occupation Journalist
Lawyer (second placer in the 1903 Bar Exam)

WAR CABINET

(August 1, 1944-February 27, 1945)

Department of Finance Jaime Hernandez
Secretary of Finance
(August 9, 1944-November 1, 1944)
Department of Interior and Finance Ismael Mathay
Secretary of Interior and Finance
(November 1, 1944-February 1945)
Department of Justice, Labor, and Welfare Mariano Eraña
Secretary of Justice, Labor, and Welfare
(August 8, 1944-July 1945)
Department of Agriculture and Commerce Manuel Nieto
Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce
(August 8, 1944-February 27, 1945)
Department of Public Instruction Carlos P. Romulo
Secretary of Public Instruction
(November 2, 1944-February 1945)

 

 RESTORED COMMONWEALTH CABINET

(February 27, 1945-May 28, 1946)

Department of Justice, Agriculture and Commerce Delfin Jaranilla
Secretary of Justice, Agriculture and Commerce
(February 27, 1945-July 12, 1945)
Department of Agriculture and Commerce Vicente Encarnacion
Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce
(July 12, 1945-1946)
Department of Finance and Reconstruction Jaime Hernandez
Secretary of Finance and Reconstruction
(February 27, 1945)
Department of Public Instruction Maximo Kalaw
Secretary of Public Instruction
(February 27, 1945-May 4, 1945)
Department of the Interior Tomas Confesor
Secretary of the Interior
(February 27, 1945)
Department of Justice Ramon Quisumbing
Secretary of Justice
(January 2, 1946-May 28, 1946)
Department of Labor Marcelo Aduru
Secretary of Labor
(July 12, 1945)
Department of National Defense Alfredo Montelibano
Secretary of National Defense
(July 19, 1945-May 27, 1946)
Tomás Cabili
Secretary of National Defense
(February 27, 1945-July 11, 1945)
Department of Public Works and Communications Sotero Cabahug
Secretary of Public Works and Communications
(February 27, 1945)
Department of Health and Public Welfare Basilio J. Valdes
Secretary of Health and Public Welfare
(February 27, 1945-July 12, 1945)
Jose Locsin
Secretary of Health and Public Welfare
(July 12, 1945-May 1946)
Secretary to the President Jose S. Reyes
Secretary to the President
(February 27, 1945-May 5, 1945)
Department of Public Instruction Francisco Benitez
Secretary of Public Instruction
(January 7, 1946-May 27, 1946)
Jose S. Reyes
Secretary of Public Instruction
(January 7, 1946)

This tab is currently under construction. Please check again soon.

  • Executive Orders: 15-W-109-W (total: 98)
  • Administrative Orders: 1-44
  • Proclamations: 1-38

  • Population: 19.06 million (1946)
  • Gross Domestic Product: P61,128 million (1946)
  • Income Per Capita: P3,207 (1946)
  • Total Exports: P4,370 (1946)

Source: National Statistics Office

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Legislative Acts passed by the legislature established by virtue of the 1935 Constitution were called Commonwealth Acts.

  • Commonwealth Acts:

These infographics were published as part of the Philippine Electoral Almanac, a compendium and handy resource of Philippine national elections from 1935 onwards, by the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office.

1941 Presidential Elections

1941 Vice Presidential Elections

1941 Legislative Elections

Following the death of President Manuel L. Quezon in 1944, Vice President Osmeña assumed the presidency.

Though Quezon had kept the Commonwealth government alive while in exile in Washington, he never established a legislature-in-exile. Thus, upon the reestablishment of the Commonwealth in 1945, President Osmeña called for a special session of Congress. The First Congress of the Commonwealth convened on June 9 of that year, with most of the Senators and Representatives elected in 1941 assuming their positions. Not all, however, were allowed to take their post because some were incarcerated for collaboration with the Japanese.

On April 23, 1946, a general election was held for President, Vice President, and members of both Houses of Congress

1946 Presidential Elections

In the presidential elections, Osmeña ran for re-election against Senate President Manuel Roxas of the breakaway Liberal Wing of the Nacionalista Party and Hilario Moncado of the Partido Modernista.

1946 Vice Presidential Elections

1946 Legislative Elections

The Second Congress of the Commonwealth convened on May 25, 1946; however, it would only last until July 4, 1946, with the inauguration of the Third Republic of the Philippines. Members of both Houses of Congress thus formed the First Congress of the Republic of the Philippines.

Click here for more information on the Philippine Legislature published on the Official Gazette.

Seventy-five (75) SONAs have been delivered thus far. Click here to access the full list and links to all the SONAs of the Presidents of the Philippines.


Message to the First Congress of the Commonwealth of Philippines

Delivered at Lepanto Street, Manila, June 9, 1945

View Word Cloud

Read the Speech

State of the Nation Address of President Sergio Osmeña-08


Click here to access the full list and links to all the SONAs of the Presidents of the Philippines.