Diosdado Macapagal
December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965


National Coat of Arms

Presidential Seal


Country Data
Election Results

Era Ninth President of the Philippines
Fifth President of the Third Republic
Constitution Amended 1935 Constitution
Predecessor Carlos P. Garcia
Successor Ferdinand E. Marcos
Inauguration December 30, 1961, Quirino Grandstand, Manila (aged 51)
Capital Quezon City
Vice-President Emmanuel Pelaez (1961-1965)
Chief Justice Cesar Bengzon (April 28, 1961-May 29, 1966)
Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez (January 22, 1957-April 5, 1963)
Ferdinand E. Marcos (April 5, 1963-December 30, 1965)
Speaker of the House Daniel Z. Romualdez (January 22, 1962-March 9, 1962)
Cornelio T. Villareal (March 9, 1962-December 30, 1965)

Previous Positions

Executive Legal Assistant (Quezon and Laurel administrations)
Chief of the Law Division of the Department of Foreign Affairs
Chief negotiator in the administration-to-administration transfer of the Turtle Islands from the United Kingdom
Secretary to the Philippine Embassy in Washington, DC
Legislative Lower House: Representative of the First District of Pampanga (1949-1957)
Judicial None
Others None

Personal Details

Born September 28, 1910
Lubao, Pampanga
Died April 21, 1997
Makati City
Resting Place Libingan ng mga Bayani, Taguig City
Political Parties Liberal Party
Parents Urbano Macapagal
Romana Pangan
Spouse Purita de la Rosa
Evangelina Macaraeg
Children (by Purita de la Rosa)
Pampanga Vice-Governor Cielo Macapagal-Salgado
Arturo Macapagal
(by Evangelina Macaraeg)
President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Diosdado Macapagal Jr.
Alma Mater Associate in Arts, University of the Philippines (1933)
Bachelor of Laws, University of Santo Tomas (1936)
Master of Laws, University of Santo Tomas (1941)
Doctor of Civil Laws, University of Santo Tomas (1947)
Doctor of Philosophy in Economics, University of Santo Tomas (1957)
Occupation Lawyer

Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources Jose Feliciano
Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources
Benjamin Gozon
Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources
Jose Locsin
Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources
Budget Commission Faustino Sy-Changco
(February 15, 1960-1965)
Department of Education Alejandro Roces
Secretary of Education
(December 30, 1961-September 7, 1965)
Jose Tuason
Secretary of Education
(September 5, 1962-December 31, 1962)
Jose E. Romero
Secretary of Education
(May 18, 1959-September 4, 1962)
Department of Finance Rufino G. Hechanova
Secretary of Finance
(January 8, 1964-December 13, 1965)
Rodrigo Perez
Secretary of Finance
(August 1, 1962-January 7, 1964)
Fernando Sison
Secretary of Education
(January 2, 1962-July 31, 1962)
Department of Foreign Affairs Mauro B. Mendez
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
(May 1964-December 1965)
Salvador P. Lopez
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Emmanuel Pelaez
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
(December 1961-July 1963)
Department of Health Manuel A. Cuenco
Secretary of Health
(December 13, 1964-December 29, 1965)
Rodolfo T. Canos
Secretary of Health
(May 1, 1964-June 20, 1965)
Floro V. Dabu
Secretary of Health
(July 23, 1965-March 6, 1964)
Francisco Q. Duque Jr.
Secretary of Health
(January 1962-July 22, 1963)
Department of Justice Salvador L. Marino
Secretary of Justice
(July 1963-December 1965)
Juan R. Liwag
Secretary of Justice
(May 1962-July 1963)
Jose W. Diokno
Secretary of Justice
(January 1962-May 1962)
Department of National Defense Macario Peralta Jr.
Secretary of National Defense
(December 30, 1961-December 30, 1965)
Department of Public Works, Transportation, and Communications Jorge Abad
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation, and Communications
Brigido R. Valencia
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation, and Communications
Paulino T. Cases
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation, and Communications
(January-May 1962)
Marciano D. Bautista
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation, and Communications

  • Executive Orders: 1-229 (total: 229)
  • Administrative Orders: 1-191 (total: 191)
  • Memorandum Orders: 1-136 (total: 136)
  • Memorandum Circulars: 1-53 (total: 53)
  • Proclamations: 1-530 (total: 530

  • Population: 29.2 million (1962)
  • Gross Domestic Product: P234,428 million (1962)
  • Gross Domestic Product: P273,769 million (1965)
  • GDP Growth Rate: 5.15% (1962-1965 average)
  • Income Per Capita: P8,042 (1962)
  • Income Per Capita: P8,617 (1965)
  • Total Exports: P46,177 million (1962)
  • Total Exports: P66,216 million (1965)
  • Unemployment Rate: 8.00% (1962)
  • Unemployment Rate: 7.2% (1965)
  • Peso-Dollar Exchange Rate: $1 = P.3.80 (1962)
  • Peso-Dollar Exchange Rate: $1 = P3.90 (1965)

Source: National Statistical Coordination Board, National Accounts of the Philippines, National Statistics Office, Philippine Statistical Yearbook

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  • Republic Acts:

These infographics were published as part of the Philippine Electoral Almanac, a compendium and handy resource of Philippine national elections from 1935 onwards, by the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office.

1961 Presidential Elections

1961 Vice Presidential Elections

1961 Legislative Elections

1963 Legislative Elections

1965 Presidential Elections

1965 Vice Presidential Elections

1965 Legislative Elections