Diosdado Macapagal
December 30, 1961 – December 30, 1965

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1951-1965

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Election Results
SONAs

Era Ninth President of the Philippines
Fifth President of the Third Republic
Constitution Amended 1935 Constitution
Predecessor Carlos P. Garcia
Successor Ferdinand E. Marcos
Date Elected November 14, 1961; 3,554,840 votes (55% of the electorate)
Inauguration December 30, 1961, Quirino Grandstand, Manila (aged 51)
Seat of Government Quezon City
Vice President Emmanuel Pelaez (1961-1965)
Chief Justice Cesar Bengzon (April 28, 1961-May 29, 1966)
Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez (January 22, 1957-April 5, 1963)
Ferdinand E. Marcos (April 5, 1963-December 30, 1965)
Speaker of the House Daniel Z. Romualdez (January 22, 1962-March 9, 1962)
Cornelio T. Villareal (March 9, 1962-December 30, 1965)
Previous Positions
Executive Legal Assistant (Quezon and Laurel administrations)
Assistant Secretary of Foreign Affairs for Legal Affairs (1946)
Chief Negotiator to the British Government (1947)
Secretary to the Philippine Embassy in Washington, D.C.
Legislative Lower House: Representative of the First District of Pampanga (1949-1957)
Judicial None
Others 1st in the Philippine Bar (1935)
Worked under other Administrations QUEZON as Legal Assistant
LAUREL as Legal Assistant
QUIRINO as Assistant Secretary of Foreign Affairs for Legal Affairs; Congressman
MAGSAYSAY as Congressman; member of the Laurel Mission
GARCIA as Vice President
MARCOS as President of the Constitutional Convention
C. AQUINO as Member of Council of State
RAMOS as Head of the National Centennial Commission
Personal Details
Born September 28, 1910
Lubao, Pampanga
Died April 21, 1997
Makati City
Resting Place Libingan ng mga Bayani, Taguig City
Political Parties Liberal Party
Parents Urbano Macapagal
Romana Pangan
Spouse Purita Lim dela Rosa (c. 1900s-1943) (m. 1938)
Evangelina de la Cruz Macaraeg (1915-1999) (m. 1946)
Children (by Purita de la Rosa) 

Cielo Macapagal-Salgado;

Arturo Macapagal

(by Evangelina Macaraeg) 

President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

Diosdado Macapagal Jr.

Education Pampanga High School (1929)
Associate in Arts, University of the Philippines (1933)
Bachelor of Laws, University of Santo Tomas (1936)
Master of Laws, University of Santo Tomas (1941)
Doctor of Civil Laws, University of Santo Tomas (1947)
Doctor of Economics, University of Santo Tomas (1957)
Profession Poet
Reporter
Lawyer
Academe Professor of Law, University of Santo Tomas (1941-1957)
Professor of Law, San Beda College (1948)
Private Practice Assistant Attorney of Ross, Lawrence, Selph and Carrascoso Law Firm (1937-1940)

Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources Jose Feliciano
Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources
(1963-1965)
Benjamin Gozon
Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources
(1962-1963)
Jose Locsin
Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources
(1961-1962)
Budget Commission Faustino Sy-Changco
Commissioner
(February 15, 1960-1965)
Department of Education Alejandro Roces
Secretary of Education
(December 30, 1961-September 7, 1965)
Jose Tuason
Secretary of Education
(September 5, 1962-December 31, 1962)
Jose E. Romero
Secretary of Education
(May 18, 1959-September 4, 1962)
Department of Finance Rufino G. Hechanova
Secretary of Finance
(January 8, 1964-December 13, 1965)
Rodrigo Perez
Secretary of Finance
(August 1, 1962-January 7, 1964)
Fernando Sison
Secretary of Education
(January 2, 1962-July 31, 1962)
Department of Foreign Affairs Mauro B. Mendez
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
(May 1964-December 1965)
Salvador P. Lopez
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
(1963-1964)
Emmanuel Pelaez
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
(December 1961-July 1963)
Department of Health Manuel A. Cuenco
Secretary of Health
(December 13, 1964-December 29, 1965)
Rodolfo T. Canos
Secretary of Health
(May 1, 1964-June 20, 1965)
Floro V. Dabu
Secretary of Health
(July 23, 1965-March 6, 1964)
Francisco Q. Duque Jr.
Secretary of Health
(January 1962-July 22, 1963)
Department of Justice Salvador L. Marino
Secretary of Justice
(July 1963-December 1965)
Juan R. Liwag
Secretary of Justice
(May 1962-July 1963)
Jose W. Diokno
Secretary of Justice
(January 1962-May 1962)
Department of National Defense Macario Peralta Jr.
Secretary of National Defense
(December 30, 1961-December 30, 1965)
Department of Public Works, Transportation, and Communications Jorge Abad
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation, and Communications
(1964-1965)
Brigido R. Valencia
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation, and Communications
(1962-1963)
Paulino T. Cases
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation, and Communications
(January-May 1962)
Marciano D. Bautista
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation, and Communications
(1961-1962)

  • Executive Orders: 1-229 (total: 229)
  • Administrative Orders: 1-191 (total: 191)
  • Memorandum Orders: 1-136 (total: 136)
  • Memorandum Circulars: 1-53 (total: 53)
  • Proclamations: 1-530 (total: 530

  • Population: 29.2 million (1962)
  • Gross Domestic Product: P234,428 million (1962)
  • Gross Domestic Product: P273,769 million (1965)
  • GDP Growth Rate: 5.15% (1962-1965 average)
  • Income Per Capita: P8,042 (1962)
  • Income Per Capita: P8,617 (1965)
  • Total Exports: P46,177 million (1962)
  • Total Exports: P66,216 million (1965)
  • Unemployment Rate: 8.00% (1962)
  • Unemployment Rate: 7.2% (1965)
  • Peso-Dollar Exchange Rate: $1 = P.3.80 (1962)
  • Peso-Dollar Exchange Rate: $1 = P3.90 (1965)

Source: National Statistical Coordination Board, National Accounts of the Philippines, National Statistics Office, Philippine Statistical Yearbook

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These infographics were published as part of the Philippine Electoral Almanac, a compendium and handy resource of Philippine national elections from 1935 onwards, by the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office.

1961 Presidential Elections

1961 Vice Presidential Elections

1961 Legislative Elections

1963 Legislative Elections

1965 Presidential Elections

1965 Vice Presidential Elections

1965 Legislative Elections

Seventy-five (75) SONAs have been delivered thus far. Click here to access the full list and links to all the SONAs of the Presidents of the Philippines.


Five-Year Integrated Socio-Economic Program for the Philippines

Delivered in the Legislative Building, Manila, January 22, 1962

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1. First State of the Nation Address of President Diosdado Macapagal


Second State of the Nation Address of President Diosdado Macapagal

Delivered Before the Second Session of the Fifth Congress of the Republic of the Philippines, January 28, 1963

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2. Second State of the Nation Address of President Diosdado Macapagal


Third State of the Nation Address of President Diosdado Macapagal

Delivered in the Legislative Building, Manila, January 27, 1964

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3. Third State of the Nation Address of President Diosdado Macapagal


The Philippines after Three Years (1962-1965)

Delivered in the Legislative Building, Manila, January 25, 1965

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4. Fourth State of the Nation Address of President Diosdado Macapagal


Click here to access the full list and links to all the SONAs of the Presidents of the Philippines.


  • Blue Dogs

    That’s a nice presidential portrait!