Ramon Magsaysay
December 30, 1953-March 17, 1957


National Coat of Arms

Presidential Seal


Country Data
Election Results

Era Seventh President of the Philippines
Third President of the Third Republic
Constitution Amended 1935 Constitution
Predecessor Elpidio Quirino
Successor Carlos P. Garcia
Inauguration December 30, 1953, Independence Grandstand, Manila (aged 46)
Capital Quezon City
Vice-President Carlos P. Garcia (December 30, 1953-March 17, 1957)
Chief Justice Ricardo M. Paras (April 2, 1951-February 17, 1961)
Senate President Eulogio Rodriguez (January 25, 1954-December 30, 1957)
Speaker of the House Jose B. Laurel Jr. (January 25, 1954-December 30, 1957)

Previous Positions

Executive Cabinet: Secretary of National Defense (December 14, 1950-February 28, 1953)
Legislative Lower House: Representative, Lone District of Zambales (1946-1950)
Judicial None
Others Military: Captain, Philippine Army

Personal Details

Born August 31, 1907
Iba, Zambales
Died March 17, 1957
Mount Manunggal, Asturias, Cebu
Resting Place Manila North Cemetery, Manila
Political Parties Liberal Party (1946-1953)
Nacionalista Party (1953-1957)
Parents Exequiel Magsaysay
Perfecta del Fierro
Spouse Luz Banzon
Children Teresita Magsaysay Vargas
Milagros Magsaysay Valenzuela
Senator Ramon Magsaysay Jr.
Alma Mater Bachelor of Arts in Commerce, Jose Rizal College (1932)
Occupation Mechanic
Bus Shop Superintendent
Bus Line Branch Manager

Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources Juan de G. Rodriguez
Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources
(April 12, 1956-August 1960)
Salvador Araneta
Secretary of Agriculture and Natural Resources
(March 10, 1954-1955)
Department of Education Gregorio Hernandez Jr.
Secretary of Education
(July 1, 1954-March 28, 1957)
Pastor Endencia
Secretary of Education
(January 13, 1954-June 30, 1954)
Cecilio Putong
Secretary of Education
(April 18, 1952-January 13, 1954)
Department of Finance Jaime Hernandez
Secretary of Finance
(March 10, 1954-May 27, 1956)
Department of Foreign Affairs Carlos P. Garcia
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
(March 10, 1954-August 1957)
Department of Health Paulino J. Garcia
Secretary of Health
(March 10, 1954-March 17, 1957)
Presidential Arm on Community Development Ramon Binamira
(January 1956-1961)
Department of Justice Pedro T. Tuazon
Secretary of Justice
(March 10, 1954-March 1958)
Department of Labor Angel Castano
Secretary of Labor
(August 22, 1957)
Eleuterio Adevoso
Secretary of Labor
(April 21, 1954)
Department of National Defense Eulogio B. Balao
Secretary of National Defense
(January 3, 1956-March 17, 1957)
Sotero B. Cabahug
Secretary of National Defense
(April 4, 1954-January 2, 1956)
Ramon Magsaysay
Concurrent capacity as President
(January 1-May 14, 1954)
Department of Public Works, Transportation, and Communication Florencio Moreno
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation, and Communication
(April 30, 1955-1957)
Vicente Y. Orosa
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation, and Communication
Department of Commerce and Industry Oscar Ledesma
Secretary of Commerce and Industry
(March 10, 1954-1957)
Executive Office Fortunato De Leon
Executive Secretary
(April 12, 1956-March 7, 1957)
Fred Ruiz Castro
Executive Secretary
(December 30, 1953-October 26, 1955)

  • Executive Orders: 1-243 (total: 243)
  • Administrative Orders: 1-234 (total: 234)
  • Proclamations: 1-395 (total: 395)

  • Population: 21.4 million (1954)
  • Gross Domestic Product: P157,054 million (1954)
  • Gross Domestic Product: P179,739 million (1956)
  • GDP Growth Rate: 7.13% (1954-1956 average)
  • Income Per Capita: P7,339 (1954)
  • Income Per Capita: P8,073 (1956)
  • Total Exports: P36,462 million (1954)
  • Total Exports: P34,727 million (1956)
  • Unemployment Rate: 11.2% (1956)

Source: National Statistical Coordination Board, National Accounts of the Philippines, National Statistics Office, Philippine Statistical Yearbook

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  • Republic Acts: 972-2047 (total: 1076)

These infographics were published as part of the Philippine Electoral Almanac, a compendium and handy resource of Philippine national elections from 1935 onwards, by the Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning Office.

1953 Presidential Elections

President Quirino faced his erstwhile Secretary of Defense Ramon Magsaysay who had joined the opposition Nacionalista Party in March 1953. The result was an overwhelming victory for the popular Magsaysay and the return of the Nacionalistas to power.

1953 Vice Presidential Elections

1953 Legislative Elections

1955 Legislative Elections